If you came to this page, you have probably heard about the term medical marijuana, a generic term and another controversial that is given to the use of the physical and chemical components of the Cannabis plant, with the intention of alleviating some disease. Unfortunately to date there are still myths about this plant and this is not surprising if for years it has been a taboo to mention it, fortunately at present there are many studies that support their properties and science seeks to know more every day of this plant, Know the reasons for your benefits and discover in which diseases you could exactly help.
As we mentioned the term medical marijuana is a very generic term, in fact Cannabis has two varieties and both can be used as medicinal cannabis, marijuana and hemp; marijuana is a variety high in THC the psychoactive component of the plant is because of this that this variety is more famous, hemp instead is a non-psychoactive variety that has been exploited for industrial purposes for many years, thanks to its a few longer stems of which it is possible to take advantage of the fibers to produce, paper, cloth, and other biomaterials, in turn is used to extract their oils rich in cannabinoids for medicinal use.
Now that we know that there are two varieties of medicinal cannabis, why can this plant benefit health? This is due to its chemical components called phytocannabinoids, these molecules are very similar to endocannabinoids, substances that we produce in the body by nature and help us regulate biological processes such as sleep, appetite, pain, and certain functions of the immune system and neurological. To date dozens of these phytocannabinoids are known but attention has focused mainly on two for their ability to interact with the endocannabinoid system, the others are present for the plant’s own metabolism, these two cannabinoids we are talking about are the CBD and the THC.
The CBD or Cannabidiol was the first phytocannabinoid to be isolated in the 1940s by the University of Illinois, at that time it was believed to be a toxic substance since it was the first molecule that was known from the plant, later in the 60’s Dr. Raphael Mechoulam identified its chemical structure and after almost 60 years of its discovery, properties continue to be described and scientifically supporting, more and more specifically, the reason for them; CBD has anticonvulsant, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anxiolytic, antiemetic and analgesic properties. In November 2017 the World Health Organization determined that the main cannabidiol composed of medicinal cannabis is a safe molecule with high therapeutic potential,
THC or tetrahydrocannabinol is another phytocannabinoid to which therapeutic properties are attributed, unlike CBD which is considered safe and there is no limit dose, THC has a “therapeutic window” that is, in low doses it can be beneficial for the health but when the doses increase the signs or symptoms that tried to be mitigated return with more intensity, as it may be the case of seizures, nausea and vomiting, another disadvantage of THC is its psychoactivity, which for some people can be tolerated in even used for recreational purposes but in others it can generate psychosis and make them have a hard time, that’s why it is recommended that before consuming THC for therapeutic purposes CBD is consumed to counteract this psychoactivity. In any case we know that the use of medicinal cannabis is safe since there is no risk of death from overdose as with other substances that are consumed for medical purposes.